CORPUS CHRISTI, Texas - A federal judge refrained yesterday from issuing an emergency order that would have parked millions of General Motors cars recalled for defective ignition switches linked to at least 13 deaths.

CORPUS CHRISTI, Texas — A federal judge refrained yesterday from issuing an emergency order that would have parked millions of General Motors cars recalled for defective ignition switches linked to at least 13 deaths.

At a hearing here, District Court Judge Nelva Gonzales Ramos said she would need more time to study briefs submitted by attorneys for two owners of a recalled GM car and receive documents from the carmaker’s lawyers.

A ruling on the requested “stop drive order” is expected in the coming days.

Since February, GM has recalled 2.6 million cars equipped with the switch. So far this year, GM has recalled a total of nearly 7 million vehicles, or about the same number recalled in the previous four years combined.

Without warning, the switches can make vehicle engines stall while operating, stop air bags from deploying, and impede power steering and power brakes from operating.

This week, GM CEO Mary Barra was grilled by two congressional committees, and the company showed signs that it would create a compensation fund for victims similar to a fund created by BP for those affected by a 2010 oil spill.

GM has said it would take a charge of $750 million in the first quarter, mostly for the recalls announced in that period, including ones linked to the defective ignition switch.

In yesterday’s hearing, the judge was asked by attorneys for GM vehicle owners or their survivors to order all models under recall off the road until they can be fixed.